A Character Of Being In Agreement With The Standards Of Right Conduct

Finally, in the third phase, when the individual recognizes how institutions, regulated by the principles of justice, promote their well-being and the well-being of their fellow citizens, they are linked to these principles and develop the desire to apply and act in accordance with them. Like the great institutions of Aristotle`s ideal polis, the institutions governed by Rawls` two principles of justice aim to promote the well-being of citizens by creating the social foundations of the individual`s self-esteem (the primary good of Rawls` self-esteem). The granting of equal freedoms according to the first principle of justice allows citizens to form associations in which their common objectives and ideals can be pursued. As we have seen, these associations are necessary for self-esteem to be produced and maintained. The guarantee of the fair value of political freedom and the equity of equal opportunities according to Rawls` second principle of equity prevent the excessive accumulation of property and wealth and guarantee equal educational opportunities for all, so that everyone with a similar motivation and ability have roughly equal prospects for culture and performance (1999a, n. 63). Together, these two principles ensure that people have reasonable hopes of achieving their goals. Finally, the principle of difference serves to guarantee everyone a decent standard of living, regardless of the social position, natural talents or heritage of each citizen. The principle of difference, Rawls writes, corresponds to “the idea of not wanting to have greater advantages, unless it benefits others who are doing worse” (1999a, 90). .

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